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As part of CanLII's commitment to developing legal commentary, we have created a program where authors can submit long form legal commentary, such as articles or books, for dissemination on CanLII. The submitted content does not need to have been published elsewhere before (e.g. in a law review or with a traditional publisher), in fact we welcome content that has already been published or submitted elsewhere.
If this is of interest to you, or if you want to understand how we obtained texts that are already on CanLII as part of this program, please continue reading below.
Read everything and ready to submit a text? You can access the form here (Google account required).
Why make your works available on CanLII?
- Your work will be included in the most used legal research platform in Canada
- We know that many legal professionals who write commentary do it for the passion and to increase their reputation more than for the monetary compensation they would get by publishing through traditional means. On CanLII, your work will be available on the largest legal information resource in Canada, where it will be openly accessible. CanLII is the best possible showcase for your expertise.
- You will contribute to free access to law and legal information
- By making your text openly available on the web, you will contribute to making the law more accessible as part of a global movement that promotes free access to legal information. This means, that you will spread new ideas more widely, help the legal profession serve the public better, help students learn about the law, and help members of the public (including private individuals, public legal education organizations, journalists, and people involved in regulated industries) understand legal issues better than before.
- Your work will be integrated with the rest of CanLII, increasing its discoverability and utility
- Your work will appear in the CanLII.org search results and in the commentary section of our site. Your work will be parsed to identify references to legislation, regulations, or cases you cite, and we will add a link from your text to this content and your commentary will show up in a citing reference search. If your text is cited by a court or tribunal in a case that is available on CanLII (and assuming the court or tribunal used the standard CanLII citation format for commentary, i.e. our "CanLIIDocs" reference), there will also be a link from this case to your text. CanLII takes great pride in having built an open web of Canadian legal information, and your work can be part of this important undertaking.
- You keep control of your rights
- We do not ask you to assign the copyright in your work to CanLII, and we do not ask for an exclusive licence. With respect to the rights granted to the users of the site, we offer a standard sub-licence (see below), but we also allow and encourage you to make your works available on CanLII under a Creative Commons "Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives" licence. Either way, you can publish your work elsewhere. You will remain free to grant other parties the right to publish, to build upon, or to grant another party the right to publish any future version of your text, with no obligation for that new content to be made available to CanLII.
- It's a simple process
- Assuming compliance with our Formatting guidelines, we offer a simple and fast process to bring your text from your computer to the main legal information website in Canada.
Does CanLII check the quality of the texts submitted as part of the program?
We rely on the assumption that if authors take time to draft a book or paper on a specific topic and are willing to attach their names and credibility to it, there's probably value in this work being made available on the site. While we may, in due course, set-up topic specific advisory boards and could more informally seek feedback about texts that are submitted to us before accepting them, initially we don't plan to formally review the content submitted to us for accuracy.
We do however apply some common sense: materials that, for example, are riddled with typos, badly drafted or formatted, or that seem (from a cursory reading) to contain unsubstantiated or patently false claims won't be accepted. In the same vein, if we receive comments about a text made available on our site that make us believe that a text contains so many mistakes so as to be irredeemable, we will remove this content from the site. Lastly, we currently only accept materials from members of the legal profession, members of the judiciary, law professors, legal information professionals, or graduate students registered at Canadian law schools.
That said, as U.S. justice Louis Brandeis said, "Sunlight is the best disinfectant" and we believe posting openly on CanLII.org provides the right context to ensure the accuracy of the content posted on our site. First, it can be read by anybody since our platforms are open. Therefore, the work is likely to be circulated within groups of professionals knowledgeable about the work's subject matter, so mistakes will be caught quickly. Second, we will indicate clearly where users of the site will be able to send comments on the texts (we won't publish these comments). Lastly, as opposed to works that are published in more static formats, we have the ability to make a new version of an article available if an author wishes to clarify or correct statements made in an article that has been already posted on our site. We also allow authors to update their contributions periodically.
I would like to write a text, but I would need to work with other people, can CanLII help?
If you're interested in finding people to work with you on a specific resource, please fill วิธีเล่นบาคาร่าให้รวยthis form to give us (and potential contributors) an idea of your project. Upon receipt of such notifications, we will create a web page to list these projects, on the understanding that we can't actively coordinate the drafting of your team's work.
I'm ready. How do I submit a text?
When you are ready to submit material, please complete this form (You will need to log into a Google account).
We also strongly suggest you read the following Formatting guidelines.
These guidelines aim at ensuring that the document you are preparing for us will be fit for timely processing and proper display after being converted into HTML. By carefully following these recommendations and best practices, you will help us maintain low-cost and efficient publication platform for commentary on CanLII.
- Let us add hyperlinks towards CanLII materials
- Instead of manually inserting links towards CanLII documents, focus on using well-formed citation styles when you refer to legislation, decisions or commentary posted on the CanLII website. CanLII will then automatically detect each citation, add the link and include it in its citator so that users will get your document in their results when they perform a note-up from the cited document. If you need to link to content that is not on CanLII, use your application's hyperlink tool.
- Use the CanLIIDocs template
- The CanLIIDocs MS-Word template (available in วิธีเล่นบาคาร่าให้รวยEnglish and French) includes the basic layout and typesetting we are expecting for submitted documents. This template heavily relies on the Styles functionality, which allows for structuring and formatting documents with great efficiency. If you are using another word-processing application, please let us know and we will provide you with an alternative solution.
Note: if your document is only available in PDF, we will post it in this format but please make sure that the text's structure is bookmarked so that we can provide a navigational table of contents to our users, as this one for instance: 2017 CanLIIDocs 395.
- Display your document's structure and formatting marks
- To make the most out of the template and ensure that you have control over the text you are editing, have your word-processing application configured to display the following information (MS-Word shortcuts provided):
- formatting marks (Ctrl+*, also represented by a "?" button);
- styles task pane (Alt+Ctrl+Shift+S); and
- navigation pane (Ctrl+F).
- Mandatory and optional styles
- The template contains pre-defined styles for headings, paragraphs (numbered or not), lists and quotes. Styles that are present on the cover page as well as the two first levels of heading (Heading 1 and 2) are mandatory in order to ensure a common visual signature for the CanLIIDocs collection. You may create your own styles in the body of text if you need to format custom elements.
- Use proper formatting features and tools
- When formatting elements such as paragraphs, lists, tables and footnotes, always use the proper formatting features and tools of the word-processing application. Refrain from using manual insertions of space and tab characters or multiple line breaks. Your word-processing application is not a typewriter; even if they may look OK on your screen while editing your document, these manual insertions might not be conveyed properly after HTML conversion. For instance:
- to present tabular information, use "insert a table" instead of manually creating columns separated by tab characters;
- use the "list" tool to create lists and format them as you need;
- to increase or decrease paragraph indent or spacing, change the indent or spacing attributes of this paragraph's style instead of adding tab characters or empty returns; and
- to ensure that a heading appears on the same page as its first following paragraph, use the "keep with next" attribute instead of typing multiple empty carriage returns until the heading appears on the next page.
- Avoid inserting external styles and formatting attributes
- If you copy an excerpt from a digital source and you paste it in your document, use the "keep text only" option. This option will be presented when you right-click as you paste. In MS-Word, choose the "A" icon. Pasting only text without any extraneous styles and font attributes will ensure that the converted HTML document will remain consistently formatted.
CanLII Authors Program Terms and Conditions
Upon submitting material (the Work) to CanLII, you agree to the following terms and conditions:
- For the Work to be accepted, it will need to comply as closely as possible with the Formatting guidelines. To increase your chance that the Work will be accepted quickly, it is strongly recommended that you use the provided template.
- You understand and agree that CanLII reserves the right to decide whether to make the Work available on its platforms at its entire discretion. We undertake to provide a response to you within two months after submission.
- You authorize CanLII to send the Work to third-parties in order to assess or process the Work, for example (1) to academics or to other legal professionals in order to obtain a summary assessment of the quality and accuracy of the Work, or (2) to third-party suppliers that we use for processing and formatting documents and that are not necessarily located in Canada.
- When submitting a Work to CanLII, you will need to agree to the terms of the CanLII Authors Program Licence below.
- In the event that the Work is not accepted, you will be notified and no further licence or assignment of rights will operate. The "CanLII Authors Program Licence" you will have consented to at the time of submitting the Work will automatically terminate.
- You agree that CanLII may, at any time, store the Work or copies of the Work on third-party owned servers, including servers located outside of Canada or owned by a non-Canadian entity. For greater clarity, the CanLII site is hosted in Canada, but we could use third-party products (e.g. Google Drive or Dropbox) to circulate the Work to other legal professionals to obtain comments before making it available.
- You authorize CanLII to assign a unique identifier to the Work (e.g. CanLIIDocs), which will be used to automatically generate hyperlinks across CanLII websites. This will function like neutral citations do for court decisions.
- You will be entitled to submit a revised or updated version of the Work periodically, but no more than once during every calendar year. To submit an updated text, you are required to use the CanLII-edited version that we will send you when the the original Work will first be made available online.
- You represent that the Work does not contain statements that are libellous or maliciously false nor any confidential information including (1) names of parties, personally identifiable information, or other confidential information from cases that are covered by restrictions on publication (publication bans, sealing orders, statutory bans, etc.), (2) privileged information, (3) excerpts from sealed or confidential documents or (4) non-public information about parties to a legal dispute.
- You represent that you have the right to submit the Work to CanLII, namely that you are the author of the Work and/or that you are authorized to submit the Work for making available on CanLII under the CanLII Authors Program Licence.
- If you wish to make your work available on CanLII under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Creative Commons licence (the CC Licence), you should indicate it at the intended place in the submission form. For greater clarity, the present terms and conditions, together with the "CanLII Authors Program Licence" will still bind you and CanLII, except that the CC Licence will be the licence between you and the end-users of the CanLII website (as opposed to the sublicence described in the "CanLII Authors Program Licence").
CanLII Authors Program Licence
- This "CanLII Authors Program Licence".
- The author or authors of the Work.
- "CanLII Platforms":
- Websites, applications, or platforms operated by CanLII and used by CanLII at any point in time as vehicle(s) for making legal information available via the Internet, in all media and formats whether now known or hereafter created.
- Users of the CanLII Platforms.
- The person(s) submitting the Work to be made available on the CanLII Platforms.
- Has the meaning set forth under the "Licence Grant" heading below.
- The "CanLII Authors Program Terms and Conditions".
- The text attached to the submission form.
The Licensor(s) grant(s) CanLII a worldwide, royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable (except for what is provided for under the "Licence Termination" heading below), non-exclusive licence to make the Work available to the public on the CanLII Platforms at no charge to End-users (the Purpose) and, for this Purpose, to use, copy, reproduce, distribute, modify, adapt, archive, or store the Work.
The Licensor(s) also grant(s) CanLII the right to sublicence to the End-users the right to make copies of the Work (including to download, print or save the Work) for legal research purposes (including research done for a client, research done by individuals seeking to understand the law, or research done by students and academics), in the practice of law (such as making a copy of the Work for production in court, transmission to the other party, or saving a copy in a client's file) or in the exercise of their legal rights. Alternatively, if the Licensor(s) indicated upon submitting the Work that the Work is to be made available on the CanLII Platforms under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence, the Work will be made available on CanLII under the terms of this same licence, but the present Agreement stays in force between the Licensor(s) and CanLII save from the paragraph immediately preceding the present paragraph.
In the event that CanLII ceases to operate as a not for profit entity, the Licensor(s) may immediately terminate the licence granted in this Agreement.
CanLII may also cease to make the Work available on the CanLII Platforms at its entire discretion, in which case the Licensor(s) will be notified and the licence granted in this Agreement will terminate.
Lastly, the licence provided for in this Agreement will automatically terminate in the event that the Work is not accepted by CanLII.
Representations, Warranties, and Undertakings
The Licensor(s) represents and warrants that she/he/it/they has/have the right and power to grant the licence provided for in this Agreement and that there are no other agreements with any other party in conflict with this Agreement.
The Licensor(s) represents and warrants that, to her/his/its/their knowledge, the Work does not infringe any valid right of any third party. Without restricting the generality of the foregoing, the Licensor(s) understands and agree that she/he/it/they will be held responsible by CanLII for any claim by a third-party that the Work plagiarizes all or parts of another or other works.
Moral Rights, Attribution, and Integrity of the Work
Subject to CanLII's compliance with the following paragraph, the Licensor(s) waive(s) in favour of CanLII and/or agree(s) not to assert moral rights in the Work against CanLII or represent(s) that the Author(s) (if different from the Licensor(s)) has or have waived all moral rights in the Work in favor of CanLII.
CanLII undertakes to always attribute the Work to the Author(s) and indicate the name of the Author(s) in a prominent matter, and not to make any modification to the substance of the Work without the prior authorization of the Licensor(s). For further clarity, CanLII is authorized to make technical and non-substantial modifications to the Work such as correcting typographical or grammatical errors and references, changing the formatting of the Work, adding hyperlinks to other documents, adding metadata, and adding paragraph numbering.
This Agreement and the Terms contain all the terms agreed to between CanLII and the Licensor(s) with respect to making the Work available on the CanLII Platforms. They replace all previous discussions, understandings, and agreements.
Any dispute related to this Agreement or the Terms will be submitted to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts in Ottawa, Ontario.